Who is the Greek God of Light? | Facts & Information (2023)

Have you always wondered if light could have a physical form, how it would look?

If you want to prevent going down the rabbit hole of clicking endless sites for getting up-to-date about your new fascination, then this article is for you.

The entire ancient Greek mythology is a battlefield against time and memory. Sometimes, it becomes difficult to keep track of who’s who. Hence, read along as we elaborate and introduce you to the god who brings daylight.

Who Is The Greek God Of Light?

Who is the Greek God of Light? | Facts & Information (1)

Ancient Greece had a bountiful treasure of gods, goddesses, and demigods. From finding meaning in darkness to worshipping light, Greeks had it all.

Hence, Apollo was born. He was the most Hellenic of all gods, an Olympian deity, and the most widely known god of light. He was also an oracular god as a patron of Delphi who could predict prophecies using the Delphic Oracle Pythia. What’s more, he was known as the patron defender for herds and flocks.

Apollo, gifted with a beardless, athletic, and youthful built, was a simple yet complex god. Think about it, he was the god of archery, truth, healing, music and dance, prophecy, poetry, diseases, and knowledge. Isn’t that fascinating?

How Was Apollo Born?

When we search for origins, Apollo, god of sun and light, was born on the floating island of Delos along with his sister Artemis, goddess of the hunt.

Though, is an ancient Greek family tree complete without complications? The simple answer is no.

When Hera, Zeus’ wife, knew he had impregnated Leto, Apollo’s mother and Titan goddess of nights, she cast a curse on the expecting mother out of rage. She couldn’t have children on earth.

Hence, after a search far and wide, Apollo was born on the secret island of Delos under a palm tree beating the curse.

And he did not fall short in making his parents proud. An instance proving his radiating beauty and grace would be the drinking party held on Olympus. Serving his role as the advocate god of music and poetry, this Greek god of light was the leader of muses, known as Apollon Musegetes. He was also the director of the choir.

(Video) Apollo: The God of Light and Music - The Olympians - Greek Mythology Stories - See U in History

He used his cithara to accompany the muses (nine goddesses) who inspired art and music while the young goddesses graced the dance floor.

Various Epithets Of Apollo

Similar to his various powers and responsibilities, Apollo also had a wide range of epithets, more simply known as other names:

  • He was associated with the word ‘Phoebus,’ which translated into ‘bright’ and a few times ‘pure.’ As a result, he became the god of truth, which made his prophecies more believable and inspired the confidence of people.
  • His Greek epithet was Alexikakos, which meant averter of evil. Hence, he was known as the god of crops and herds.
  • Another epithet belonging to Apollo was Nomios which meant herdsman because he is said to have served king Admetus by tending to his cattle. It was because he fell out of favor with Zeus for a while.

Attributes And Roles Of Apollo

With an ability to captivate any spectator even miles away, he moved the sun with his chariot and golden horses, and Apollo was all gold and shimmers. With golden hair waving to the tunes of wind, and a muscular physique, he was the incarnation of grace itself.

While he shined in his role to lead the sun in Greek mythology, Romans knew him better as the god of prophecy and healing.

But, if you think Apollo was not terrifying, you are wrong.

This Greek god of healing may have taught men the art of medicine, but he was well capable of harboring plagues and ill-health in times of need.

Ironically, he could also cleanse the ones stained in the blood of their relatives. It was because Apollo was a purifier!

Symbols Of Greek God Of Light And Their Meanings

Here are some common symbols related to Apollo:

1. The Bow And Arrow

The silver bow of Apollo represents the execution of Python. Python was a serpent that lived near Delphi. Hera had sent it consumed in rage after knowing about Zeus’ infidelity with Leto.

Hence, when Apollo became a grown man, he shot arrows from his bow, killed the Python, and took over the shrine of Delphi. The chief blacksmith and god of fire, Hephaestus, made this legendary bow and arrow.

Additionally, they also symbolize Apollo shooting plague arrows against his enemies during the Trojan War.

2. The Wreath

It was a symbol of victory and honor. Apollo’s wreath was an amalgamation of sun rays and Laurel of Daphne.

(Video) Aether: The Primordial God of Light and the Heavens - WILD Greek Mythology

Above all, in ancient Greece, it was and is still used in Olympic Games.

3. The Lyre

The Greek god of light received a golden lyre created by Hermes, and it signifies his position as the god of music.

Apollo loved herding sheep as a child, but his younger brother Hermes stole all his cattle to trick him. On finding out, Apollo was displeased, and as a make-up gift, Hermes created the lyre for Apollo.

It resembled a small harp. Not only did it become a cherished instrument of Apollo, but it also had the power to turn anything, even stones, into musical instruments.

4. The Raven

Apollo was known for his cruelty and had a symbol for his anger.

An early witness of his anger was the raven, once considered white. But it got its wings scorched black upon delivering a piece of bad news to Apollo. The discovery was about his lover Coronis, mother to Asclepius, who fell in love with Ischys and slept with him.

Enraged that the bird had not pecked out Ischys’ eyes, Apollo torched its wings. Hence, the raven became black from white.

5. The Rays Of Light Radiating From His Head

Every new day begins as Apollo rides his golden chariot pulled by his four horses across the sky.

The rays of light radiating from his head symbolize he is the god of the sun, the bearer of daylight. Moreover, daylight was brought to the world every day by riding his golden chariot.

While his twin Artemis, the goddess of the moon, illuminates the night sky by riding her chariot during the evening.

7. The Branch Of Laurel

Apollo wore the branch of the laurel tree to symbolize his love for the nymph Daphne. He was hit by Eros’ love arrow and ended up falling in love at first sight. Although, this love changed to an unhealthy interest fast.

But, most importantly, Daphne was cursed to have a hatred for love and lust. Hence she remained uninterested in Apollo’s advances.

(Video) Greek Mythology Explained

Alas, wanting to escape the constant chase, she wished to disappear and transformed into a laurel tree. She became free of Apollo, but he was left behind.

Hence, Apollo made the laurel tree sacred to him. Later, it was a status symbol in Greece.

Legends About Apollo

In ancient Greek mythology, Apollo was one of the 12 principal Greek mythology gods. Still, his life was a battlefield of love affairs and dramatic stories. Some interesting facts about legends revolving around Apollo are:

  • Apollo never married, and while there are countless tales about his romantic encounters, none of them meet a happy ending. One such fable is about The Trojan Princess, Cassandra. She was a pious woman, and despite Apollo’s countless advances, she kept to her craft. Enraged, this Greek god of light punished her in a way she was able to see the future, but no one believed her prophecies.
  • Apollo was father to many sons, to name a few: Asclepius, Troilus, Aristaeus, and Orpheus. But, he only had one daughter named Parthenos, who sadly fell to an early death. She was immortalized in the sky by gods as the constellation of Virgo.
  • Another myth following Apollo’s trail is how he fell in love at first sight with the nymph Daphne. Tired from Apollo’s advances, she prayed to her mother Gaea, Titan of Earth, to grant her disappearance. Hence, Daphne transformed into a laurel tree, leaving behind heartbroken Apollo.
  • He was also not a stranger to his father’s wrath. Apollo once connived with Poseidon, the god of sea, wishing to overthrow Zeus from his throne. But all went in vain, because Zeus made them do back-breaking work in the mortal land. Although, their efforts were fruitful as they gained the Walls of Troy that remained impenetrable until The Trojan War.
  • The death of Marsyas also remained a legendary story in history. Marsyas was put to death because he lost a music contest to Apollo, which resulted from Apollo’s jealousy. Fact is, he was envious of Marsyas’ talent.

After his death, his followers shed tears that formed the River of Marsyas.

Achievements And Battles Of Apollo

Bestowed with several powers and known for his ability for cruelty, Apollo was a great fighter.

Some of his achievements are immortal at Delphi. He also protected the divine prophet against Hercules, who was enraged at being denied a prophecy by the priestess.

As a result, his truthfulness and integrity granted him the gift of prophecy and oracles. Hence, he also became the god of truth from the god of sun.

A battle tied to the name of this Greek god of light is The Trojan War. You may know it from Homer’s Iliad. From aiding Paris to kill Achilles by shooting a fatal arrow into Achilles heel to infecting the Greek encampment with a deadly plague, he did it all.

Apollo And Family Relations

His birth was not ideal, but he still had a soft spot for his mother and sister. Even the gods feared him, but his mother and father could easily endure his presence. He was known to mediate through his son, Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine.

In addition, Apollo also stood by his family’s side. He slew the giant Tityos when he tried to rape Leto. He also has credit for killing Cyclops because he forged a thunderbolt against Zeus.

Also, he might have had many affairs, but he took great care of his children. One such incident proving his love is the killing of Adonis.

Accidently one of his children, Erymenthos, witnessed Aphrodite, goddess of beauty and love, in the company of Adonis. Blind with rage, Aphrodite took his sight. When the news traveled to Apollo, he killed Adonis by transforming himself into an Erymanthian boar and took revenge.

(Video) Greek Mythology for Kids | What is mythology? Learn all about Greek mythology

Celebrating Apollo

Ancient Greece had a plethora of deities, but celebrations never fell short. The archaic people worshipped the Greek god Apollo with zeal, enthusiasm, and love.

  • In honor of Apollo being their patron god, the city Delphi held Pythian games every four years. It had sports events like wrestling, racing, and boxing.
  • After Romans came into power, the god Apollo was also honored as the god of arts by introducing poetry, dancing, acting, and music competitions.
  • Moreover, the island of Delphi also had an enormous temple dedicated to Apollo. Its ruins survive to date and tourists can visit them.
  • However, the Spartans were not left behind as they held their festivals honoring Apollo. One such celebration was the Festival of Kernia.
  • An old legend spoke of a Spartan man who killed another named Karnos who could see the future. It had angered Apollo. Hence, the Spartan people held this festival to appease their god.
  • Another Spartan tradition honoring Apollo was the Festival of Hyakinthos. This event included special events where masters served their slaves a meal. Spartan women made clothing to adorn the statue of Apollo, and there was plenty of dancing, singing, and drinking.

Some Interesting Facts

No one worships Greek gods anymore. Although, the growing interest in Greek mythology has stood the test of time. Therefore, here are some quick facts to rev up your Greek mythology knowledge about the Greek god of light:

  • Apollo grew into a strong full-grown man only in four days. He was fed a diet solely consisting of nectar and ambrosia.
  • Emperor Augustus of ancient Rome had high reverence for Apollo because of the battle of Actium that occurred around the temple of Apollo. Hence, he dedicated an entire temple on top of Palatine Hill, the birthplace of Rome, to Apollo.
  • Using the oracle of Delphi, Apollo was also the mediator between man and god.
  • The spot where Apollo killed the Python became the starting place of the Panhellenic Pythian games. It was similar to the Olympic Games, except for the fact that the games were ritualistic.
  • Apollo is one of the few gods who kept his Roman and Greek name similar.
  • The city of Sparta, Delphi, and Delos worshipped Apollo as their patron.
  • The Apollo space mission names are after a Greek god. The NASA director thought it would be good luck as it seemed like Apollo was flying across the sky.
  • While the mythology was ancient, it was still always remembered. A living example is the character of Apollo in the famous book series ‘Percy Jackson.’ His character may be silly, but he’s a powerful ally.

Apollo And Dreams

Do you think the ancient Greek god has visited you in dreams?

If yes, then you might wonder what it means to have Apollo in your dream. Fret not, because it could mean anything from the following:

  • As a representation of glory and light, you might see more clearly now, and it will be easier to find solutions.
  • It can also mean enlightenment and insight since Apollo represents growth.
  • You might have the arrival of someone new in your life because Apollo is one handsome god.

Don’t want to miss a dream where Apollo visited you? You can start your dream journal by followingthis dreamer’s guide.


Each day when the sun shines, Apollo is bringing new light to your life. Hence, Apollo will forever remain an unforgettable part of our lives.

We have an explanation for everything these days. But, ancient mythology is engraved in our minds in an unbreakable way; the teachings, the battles, the legends, and the myths too. Apollo was complete with his power and flaws, similar to the imperfect world existing today.

For now, the tale of Apollo, the god of the sun, is coming to a close. But we got more for you mythology seekers. Keep yourself occupied by reading aboutthe Greek gods of sleep and dreams.


Who is the Greek light god? ›

Apollo is one of the most important and complex Greek gods. He is the god of light, music and poetry, healing and prophecy. He was the one that established the great Oracle of Delphi, which was considered the center of the ancient world.

Who is the god of light? ›

As god of light, Mithra was associated with the Greek sun god, Helios, and the Roman Sol Invictus. He is often paired with Anahita, goddess of the fertilizing waters.

What are 5 facts about Zeus? ›

Facts about Zeus
  • Zeus became the ruler of heaven and earth after a revolt against his father, Kronos. ...
  • He is the father of Athena, who is said to have sprung from his head. ...
  • Hades and Poseidon were his brothers.
  • His wife Hera was also his sister.

Who was the first sun god? ›

Helios was the sun god of the Greek religion. They believed that he drove a chariot across the sky every day to create day and night. In Ancient Greece, Helios was depicted as having a bright crown and driving a horse-drawn chariot. He was also celebrated as a guardian of truthfulness and of sight.

What powers does the god of light have? ›

Apollo (Greco-Roman Mythology) God of Light, Sunlight, Oracles, Prophecy, Healing, Disease, Archery, Music, the Arts, Knowledge, and Protection.

What are some gods of light? ›

  • Aether, primarily associated with upper air but associated with light in Hesiod's Theogony.
  • Apollo, god of light, among many other things.
  • Eos, goddess of the dawn.
  • Hemera, personification of day.
  • Hyperion, Titan of light; sometimes conflated with his son Helios.

What Greek gods could fly? ›

Hermes, who had winged feet, was the messenger of the gods and could fly anywhere with great speed.

Do Greek gods breathe? ›

The word aether comes from the Homeric Greek, meaning 'pure, fresh air' or 'clear sky'. In Greek mythology, the god 'Aether' also embodies the pure upper air that the gods breathe.

Is Apollo a girl or boy? ›

Apollo is a masculine name of Greek origin that will definitely bring out baby's badass side. While this name means “destroyer,” Apollo is a figure that is iconic in Greek and Roman mythology.

What was Apollo's weakness? ›

Strengths: Creative, handsome, supportive of all the arts of civilization. Weaknesses: Like his father Zeus, Apollo gets in trouble over love. Birthplace: On the sunny Greek island of Delos, where he was born along with his twin sister, Artemis.

Is Apollo good or evil? ›

Apollo is the god who affords help and wards off evil; various epithets call him the "averter of evil".

How did Zeus died? ›

Eventually, Gaia was killed when Kratos impaled Zeus against her heart with the Blade of Olympus, which apparently also killed Zeus.

How old is Zeus? ›

Semi-immortality: As a God, Zeus is incapable of dying due to old age. He is a lot older than most gods, being older than the Big Bang itself (making him over 13.8 billion years old).

What did Zeus fear? ›

Zeus was not afraid of almost anything. However, Zeus was afraid of Nyx, the goddess of night. Nyx is older and more powerful than Zeus.

Is the Sun Jesus? ›

The comparison of Christ with the astronomical Sun is common in ancient Christian writings. By "the sun of righteousness" in Malachi 4 (Malachi 4:2) "the fathers, from Justin downward, and nearly all the earlier commentators understand Christ, who is supposed to be described as the rising sun".

Who is the god of death? ›

Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep. He appeared to humans to carry them off to the underworld when the time allotted to them by the Fates had expired.

Who is the god of light and the sun? ›

Apollo is the Olympian god of the sun and light, music and poetry, healing and plagues, prophecy and knowledge, order and beauty, archery and agriculture.

Who is god of day? ›

ParentsErebus and Nyx
Goddess ofThe day
HomeErebus and sky
Roman NameDies

Can Greek gods Teleport? ›

Every human has its own particular powers, and so did the Greek gods. Some powers were common to all, such as immortality, enhanced intelligence, teleportation, and the ability to change forms.

Is there a god or goddess of light? ›

Theia is the child of the earth goddess Gaia and the sky god Uranus, as were all eleven of her siblings. Theia, whose name literally translates to goddess or divine, is the Greek goddess of light and vision.

What god is the Sun named after? ›

The ancient Greeks personified the sun as a handsome god named Helios. His astronomical pedigree was impeccable: He was the son of the Titan Hyperion and the Titaness Theia. Helios was also the brother of Selene, the goddess of the Moon, and Eos, the goddess of the dawn.

What is the Sun god's name? ›

Helios, (Greek: “Sun”) in Greek religion, the sun god, sometimes called a Titan. He drove a chariot daily from east to west across the sky and sailed around the northerly stream of Ocean each night in a huge cup.

Who is the god of sky? ›

Who is Zeus? Zeus is the god of the sky in ancient Greek mythology. As the chief Greek deity, Zeus is considered the ruler, protector, and father of all gods and humans. Zeus is often depicted as an older man with a beard and is represented by symbols such as the lightning bolt and the eagle.

Is there a god of space? ›

Aether. Primordial god of the upper air, light, the atmosphere, space and heaven.

Who is the god of time? ›

KRONOS (Cronus) was the King of the Titanes and the god of time, in particular time when viewed as a destructive, all-devouring force. He ruled the cosmos during the Golden Age after castrating and deposing his father Ouranos (Uranus, Sky).

Who is the god of eggs? ›

ParentsHatched from the cosmic-egg
God ofCreation, life
Other NamesProtogonus

Is there a Greek god of luck? ›

Tyche (/ˈtaɪki/; Ancient Greek: Τύχη Túkhē, 'Luck', Ancient Greek: [tý. kʰɛː], Modern Greek: [ˈti. çi]; Roman equivalent: Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity who governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny.

Who is the god of mirrors? ›

Tezcatlipoca was known as the Lord of the Smoking Mirror. That name is a reference to obsidian mirrors, circular flat shiny objects made of volcanic glass, as well as a symbolic reference to the smoke of battle and sacrifice.

Who was Apollo's boyfriend? ›

In Greek mythology, Hyacinthus was a Spartan prince of remarkable beauty and a lover of the sun god Apollo.

Is Ares a boy name? ›

The name Ares is both a boy's name and a girl's name of Greek origin meaning "ruin, bane". Though this name is rooted in Greek mythology, it just entered the US Top 1000 for the first time in 2013, but as one of the year's fastest-rising names.

What name means sun? ›

Cyrus - this Persian name means sun and is typically used for boys. Elio - this Italian male name means the sun. Finlay - an English name, typically used for boys, that means sunbeam. Helios - a Greek world that means sun.

Did Apollo have a child? ›

As with the other major divinities, Apollo had many children; perhaps the most famous are Orpheus (who inherited his father's musical skills and became a virtuoso with the lyre or kithara), Asclepius (to whom he gave his knowledge of healing and medicine) and, according to the 5th-century BCE tragedian Euripides, the ...

How strong is Apollo? ›

Apollo also possessed superhuman strength, so he could overcome any of his enemies! Apollo is depicted in Greek mythology as one of the most powerful God's ever to have existed, amongst his other powers he was also known for his supreme skills as an archer.

What weapon did Apollo use? ›

He was also often depicted with one or both of his two main attributes: a bow and a lyre. The bow symbolized distance, death, terror, and awe, while the lyre more gently proclaimed the joy of communion with Olympus through music, poetry, and dance.

Who is Apollos wife? ›

ConsortDaphne, Kyrene, Cassandra, Calliope, Coronis, Thalia, Leucothea, Hyacinth
ChildrenAsclepius, Troilus, Aristaeus, Orpheus, Korybantes
ParentsZeus and Leto
6 more rows

Who betrayed Apollo? ›

One time when Apollo was away performing his godly duties, Coronis fell in love with Ischys, son of Elatus. Going against her father's warnings, she slept with him in secret. Apollo, however, discovered this affair through his prophetic powers.

Who is Apollo's best friend? ›

And as a gesture of good will, he gave Hermes a golden shepherd staff to guide the cattle. From that moment on, Hermes and Apollo have become best friends.

Who is the Roman god of light? ›

List of main Roman Gods and Goddesses
Name of ancient Roman God/GoddessGoddess/God of
Jupiter (Latin: Iippiter, Iovis)God of light, God of storms and weather events
JunoGoddess of light, protector of birth
MarsRoman God of war and agricultural prosperity
VenusGoddess of beauty and love
18 more rows
4 Jul 2021

What is Aether the god of? ›

In Greek mythology, Aether, Æther, Aither, or Ether (/ˈiːθər/; Ancient Greek: Αἰθήρ (Brightness) pronounced [ai̯tʰɛ̌ːr]) is the personification of the bright upper sky.

What is light goddess? ›

Theia, the goddess of divine light, is the ether of bright blue sky. The Greeks believe the eyes emit a beam of light that allows one to see. Theia is viewed as the goddess who gives sight to mankind as well as being the mother of the light to the sun, moon, and dawn.

Who was the nicest Greek god? ›

Hestia was regarded as one of the kindest and most compassionate amongst all the Gods. Perhaps the first example of a benign God or Goddess.

What are some gods of light? ›

  • Aether, primarily associated with upper air but associated with light in Hesiod's Theogony.
  • Apollo, god of light, among many other things.
  • Eos, goddess of the dawn.
  • Hemera, personification of day.
  • Hyperion, Titan of light; sometimes conflated with his son Helios.

Why Is Apollo the god of light? ›

Apollo was the son of Zeus, and was one of the greatest of the gods of Mount Olympus. He was often called the sung-god, because the Greeks thought that he brought the sun's light and warmth to men. As these are so necessary to every living thing, they thought that Apollo was also the god of health and manly beauty.

What Greek gods could fly? ›

Hermes, who had winged feet, was the messenger of the gods and could fly anywhere with great speed.

Is there a space god? ›

Aether. Primordial god of the upper air, light, the atmosphere, space and heaven.

Is there a god of death? ›

Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep. He appeared to humans to carry them off to the underworld when the time allotted to them by the Fates had expired.

Who is the god of ice? ›

Boreas (Βορέας, Boréas; also Βορρᾶς, Borrhás) was the Greek god of the cold north wind and the bringer of winter. His name meant "North Wind" or "Devouring One". His name gives rise to the adjective "boreal". Tengliu, Snow goddess from Chinese mythology.

Is Apollo the god of light? ›

Apollo is one of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more.

What Greek God has green eyes? ›

The colors of Athena's eyes are green, blue and grey, the colors of the sea and of an owl's eyes. Her weapons, which she had since her birth, are also sacred to her.

Who is god of day? ›

ParentsErebus and Nyx
Goddess ofThe day
HomeErebus and sky
Roman NameDies

Who can defeat Zeus? ›

Athena and Aphrodite can defeat Zeus.

Who is the favorite god? ›

Lord Shri Krishna

The One Who Knows the Sixty-Four Arts, Lord Krishna is recognized as the eighth incarnation of Vishnu and is probably the favorite most and famous Hindu mythological character.

Which god is greatest? ›

Indra also called Śakra, the supreme god, is the first of the 33, followed by Agni.


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